A domain name is a unique set of characters that identifies a specific website. In many ways, a domain name has the same relationship with a website as a mailing address has a home.
When you enter a domain name in a web browser, the browser accesses a server called a domain name (DNS) to find the location of the corresponding website on the Internet, so that it can retrieve the website and get it to you. pin up. It's a bit like looking for someone in a directory to find out how to call or get there.
How do you read a domain name?
Each domain name includes a top level domain (TLD) such as .com or .net, and a subdomain of that top level domain. For example, take a look at the domain name of this website: Ranghosting.com. The TLD is .com in this example, and the lifeline is the subdomain.
Overall, Ranghosting.com forms a fully qualified domain name that you can use to visit this website.
Domain names can also include additional subdomains. For example, en.wikipedia.org is a subdomain of wikipedia.org, and you can use it to visit the English version of Wikipedia.
How do domain names work?
Domains work by allowing people to access websites by remembering an easy set of words or other characters instead of a long string of numbers. Every website on the Internet has an associated Internet Protocol (IP) address that consists of a long string of numbers or a long chain of numbers and letters.
For example, here are some IP addresses associated with Google.com:
Google.com IPv4: 22.214.171.124
Google.com IPv6: 2607: f8b0: 4002: c03 :: 8a
You can technically type 126.96.36.199 in your web browser to visit Google , but do you really want to try to remember a number like that?
To make it easier, your web browser connects to a domain name server each time you enter a domain name in the address bar. Using the example above, he would discover that Google.com matches the IP address 188.8.131.52, and then load the appropriate website.
How to get a domain
Domain names are the responsibility of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, which grants domain registrars the power to register domain names. If you want to get your own domain, you have to go through one of these registrars.
Most large web hosts also provide domain registration services, but you don't need to go through your web host. It is a little easier to go through a single provider for everything, if you have never created a website before, but you don't have to.
Registering a domain name is a fairly simple process that involves selecting a subdomain and associating it with a TLD. If the desired combination is taken, you can try a different subdomain or try different TLDs until you find one that works.
Can you really own a domain name?
The process of registering a domain is often called purchasing a domain, but there is an important distinction to be made. Registering a domain is more like renting it than buying it.
When you register a domain, you get the rights to use it for the duration of your rental period. In most cases, the minimum registration is one year. If you don't renew your domain, you lose access to it.
It is also extremely important to make sure that your name or company appears on the domain registration. If you register your domain through a web designer, host or any other third party, they can put their name on the registration instead of yours.
When this happens, the person whose name actually appears on the registration owns the domain rights for you. They could theoretically point the domain to another website, close it completely, or even sell it.
When you register a domain and your name appears on the registration, you retain all rights to the domain as long as you pay the recurring registration fees. Since your customers or readers rely on your domain to find your website, it's easy to see why this is so important.
Many servers use a three-letter naming convention for top-level domains and are separated from the subdomains by a period. The importance of the top-level domain is the most important to grasp for new users. It identifies the highest part of the naming system used on the Internet. This naming system was originally created to identify countries and organizations as well as categories.
The most common categories are easily recognized by new computer users and include:
Significant expansion of top-level domains has occurred, and they now include :
Country codes are also easily recognizable by new users because the abbreviations are the same as those used for other purposes. The organization of the hierarchy of domain names and the possibility of reserving them for a single purpose have already undergone several modifications. Discussions and debates regarding the availability and affordability of domain names should continue.